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Z, M and ancestral lineages of Z93 all overlap in Europe. Not even in Inner or Central Asia as this paper claims. Therefore, R1a expanded deep into Asia from somewhere in Europe.

Here's the latest tree you clown. I'd appreciate if you tone down your comments a bit. Anyhow, what percentage of South Asian R1a belongs to the sub-haplogroups that we know are mostly from that region? Because research bias is important in discerning subhaplogroups existence altogether you know or should know that well.

IF you can show me as a matter of fact that most South Asian R1a or R1a1 belongs to the haplogroups already discovered, I would be the first to acknowledge because, when research is throughout, basal haplogroup diversity should be most informative, well above STR structure or estimated diversity.

So far I don't see that and instead there have been two papers Underhill's and another one which had found that the deepest apparent R1a sublineages were from South Asia as well - can't recall the author right now but I'm sure you will. But prove me wrong, of course. I believe we already discussed that, in parts of Europe, it looks like R1a-M could be related to Kurgan expansion Corded Ware specificallyspecially because it's found at higher frequencies in Greek Macedonia than in all the Slavic Balcans, what make it a very unlikely "Slavic" clade.

Anyhow, how can be a lineage that allegedly expanded c. You should try to be more internally consistent at the very least. So you would need a major shift in results to back up what you'd like to see. I think the theory that R1a originated in South Asia is a dud, and it's only around due to the fact that STR diversity was wrongly assumed to mean anything in this context.

That probably means Z93 also comes from Europe. Actually it was easier than I thought to find the top level paragroups data, because Underhill already worked that see supp. So it'd seem that the expansion happened at the R1a1a level and also maybe at the same time at the immediately lower levels. But I see no signature of IE expansion in it, sincerely. I see no data supporting a Europe-to-India pattern, sorry but a radial from West Asia one instead.

You could argue for a Neolithic origin, I guess. Don't worry, you'll get it eventually when more stuff comes out. No point arguing about it now. I worry that you state claims without evidence. It's not just annoying but says little about the quality of your assessment. At the same time we must say that the oldest examples of R1a found in BuLGaria Varna Necropolis are older than years, much earlier than the Kurgan culture of R1a and R1b people of the Black Sea - Caspian Sea steppe prairie region.Welcome to Y-chromosomal Haplogroup R1a1a.

Smaller populations can aslo be found in Scandanavia, the UK and southern Europe. Members: 21 Latest Activity: Feb 3, Share Tweet Facebook. I discovered, that the R1a1a people was the sarmatian-scythian people! I have R1a1a and on ftdna. Started by Balogh Attila. Last reply by William Farrar Jun 29, I just joined. I am the admin for the Farrar DNA project, www. Started by William Farrar Jun 11, I've created a Sliwinski surname project page at www.

Started by Robert Sliwinski Aug 24, I had my brother test for me through 23andMe and he came back R1a1a. Our earliest known paternal ancestor is Jan Dziemianczyk from near Bialystok, just over the border into what is modern-day Bialorus. The family self-identifies as Polish. Are there any good calculators that work with 23andMe for Y-haplogroups?

Haplogroup: R1a1a Shorthand: R-M Hello Andre, I suggest that you have some SNP tests done, if you have not already to determine which branch of R1a1a you are in. Some R1a1a's are not Slavic. If you tested with them then join the group. It is curious to know that even thinking that my ancestors were german, because they spoke german and have german lastname "Hamann", in real that are from slavic ancestral origin, something that I found out after doing my Y-DNA test.Thank you for visiting nature.

You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer.

In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript. Many major rival models of the origin of the Hindu caste system co-exist despite extensive studies, each with associated genetic evidences. A peculiar observation of the highest frequency up to In addition, there are several other religious communities contributing a fraction to the total Indian population structure. The competing main models the first of them based on shared IE languages suggest that contemporary Hindu Indians are descendants of primarily West Eurasians who migrated from the Near east, Antolia and the Caucasus — years ago, 1314 which has been supported by the demic diffusion model 122 and validated by molecular genetic data.

All these proposed hypotheses make the question of the origin of the caste system and the relationship among these hazy and obscure. This study was designed to evaluate these competing hypotheses of the origin of the caste system by taking into account the information available in the literature about the cultural practices of the Hindu caste system being endogamous.

We also attempted to assess the affinities among Brahmins from different regions speaking different languages, and evaluated the hypothesis of large migration of IE people and introduction of the caste system to India with the purpose of elucidating their genetic relationship with other Indian and worldwide populations, using the data available in the literature.

Further, taking into consideration the recent study 28 that found a high level of male genetic substructure as a result of the founder effect and social stratification among the Brahmins and Kshatriyas of Jaunpur district, we also explored the probability of any such phenomenon or other genetic patterns in other regions of India.

DNA was isolated from the samples by the standard protocol used in the laboratory. Fifty-five binary markers known to dissect out paternal haplogroups HGs at high resolution were selected Supplementary Figure 1 following the hierarchy of the Y-chromosome phylogeny 35 www. Most of the binary markers have been described in the literature. Y-chromosomal haplogroup frequencies were calculated by the simple gene count method and various frequency charts were prepared in Microsoft Excel.

In case source populations are genetically identical that is, of same allelic compositionthe software logs error messages. The statistical significance of the observations could be increased by bootstrap measures refer ADMIX2 manual. A nested clade phylogeographic analysis attempts to sort out the roles of recurrent forces such as gene flow from historical events such as fragmentation or range expansion events by overlaying the geographical distributions of haplotypes upon the evolutionary tree of the haplotypes.

Methodologically, it involves repeated connection of haplotypes, different only by one mutational step, into a single category spanning the entire original haplotype network.

To estimate the age of various haplogroups in the Indian subcontinent, we used the mean variance of the microsatellite repeats in dating. We observed a total of 19 Y-haplogroups in our analyzed dataset of Y-chromosomes Table 1 defined by 31 informative polymorphisms out of 55 genotyped binary polymorphisms Supplementary Figure 1.

It has been argued in the literature that the Indian higher caste groups show relatively small genetic distances when compared with the West Eurasians, 11 linking this to hypothetical migrations by Indo-Aryan speakers.Your email address is used to log in and will not be shared or sold.

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As many of you know around the year the analyses of Y chromosomal human lineages became a pretty big deal.


The reason these lineages are important and useful is that they record the uninterrupted ancestry of males, from father to son, along the Y chromosome. Instead of the complexities of the whole genome, as with mtDNA you have a simple and elegant phylogenetic tree to interpret.

The clusters along this tree are defined as broad haplogroups, united by derived states from a common ancestor. How to explain this distribution? Unfortunately this runs up against the conundrum that low caste South Indian groups, relatively untouched by Indo-Aryan culture at least until the past few hundred yearsalso manifest high frequencies of R1a1a. To make a long story short it seems that R1a1a is an old haplogroup with a lot of structure across Eurasia.

Haplogroup R1a1-M is a major clade of Y chromosomal haplogroups which is distributed all across Eurasia. To this date, many efforts have been made to identify large SNP-based subgroups and migration patterns of this haplogroup. The origin and spread of R1a1 chromosomes in Eurasia has, however, remained unknown due to the lack of downstream SNPs within the R1a1 haplogroup.

Since the discovery of R1a1-M, this is the first scientific attempt to divide haplogroup R1a1-M into multiple SNP-based sub-haplogroups. This pattern implies that an early differentiation zone of R1a1-M conceivably occurred somewhere within the Eurasian Steppes or the Middle East and Caucasus region as they lie between South Asia and Eastern Europe. The detection of the Z93 paternal genetic imprint in the Hungarian Roma gene pool is consistent with South Asian ancestry and amends the view that H1a-M82 is their only discernible paternal lineage of Indian heritage.

The table to the left shows you an Indian population from Malaysia. Malaysian Indians tend to be Tamils, from the south of the subcontinent. If they were finding individuals who were carriers of R1a1a, the data set is probably somewhat enriched for Tamil Brahmins and people of North Indian ancestry, though this does not alter the basic story.

What you see is that all the Indians carry this one distinctive mutation.While R1a originated ca. Karafet et al. The split of R1a M is computed to ca.

R1a Project

A large, study by Peter A. Underhill et al. According to Underhillthe downstream R1a-M subclade diversified into Z and Z93 circa 5, years ago. In Europe, Z is prevalent particularly while in Asia Z93 dominates. Zerjal and colleagues in Ornella Semino et al. Three genetic studies in gave support to the Kurgan theory of Gimbutas regarding the Indo-European Urheimat.

r1a1 map

According to those studies, haplogroups R1b and R1a, now the most common in Europe R1a is also common in South Asia would have expanded from the Russian steppes, along with the Indo-European languages; they also detected an autosomal component present in modern Europeans which was not present in Neolithic Europeans, which would have been introduced with paternal lineages R1b and R1a, as well as Indo-European languages.

This raises the question where the R1a1a in the Corded Ware culture came from, if it was not from the Yamnaya culture. Semenov and Bulat do argue for such an origin of R1a1a in the Corded ware culture, noting that several publications point to the presence of R1a1 in the Comb Ware culture. Haak et al. Part of the South Asian genetic ancestry derives from west Eurasian populations, and some researchers have implied that Z93 may have come to India via Iran [22] and expanded there during the Indus Valley Civilisation.

r1a1 map

Mascarenhas et al. According to Underhill et al. Yet, according to Narasimhan et al. Kivisild et al. South Asian populations have the highest STR diversity within R1a1a, [29] [30] [8] [3] [1] [31] and subsequent older TMRCA datings, [note 11] and R1a1a is present among both higher Brahmin castes and lower castes, although the presence is substantially higher among Brahmin castes. However, this diversity, and the subsequent older TMRCA-datings, can also be explained by the historically high population numbers, which increases the likelihood of diversification and microsatellite variation.

Richards, co-author of Silva et al. The R1a family tree now has three major levels of branching, with the largest number of defined subclades within the dominant and best known branch, R1a1a which will be found with various names; in particular, as "R1a1" in relatively recent but not the latest literature. The topology of R1a is as follows codes [in brackets] non-isogg codes : [37] [7] [38] [39] [40] Tatiana et al. R2 M R1a is distinguished by several unique markers, including the M mutation.

It is a subclade of Haplogroup R-M previously called R1. In the scheme, this SRY Testing of more males in 73 other Eurasian populations showed no sign of this category. R1a1 is defined by SRY This family of lineages is dominated by M17 and M In contrast, paragroup R-SRY The R-SRY Underhill et all. This large subclade appears to encompass most of the R1a1a found in Europe.

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In addition to Poland, it is mainly found in the Czech Republic and Slovakiaand is considered "clearly West Slavic. R-M [R1a1a1g1], [40] a subclade of [R1a1a1g] M [40] c.We process personal data about users of our site, through the use of cookies and other technologies, to deliver our services, personalize advertising, and to analyze site activity.

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r1a1 map

Forgot password or user name? Haplogroup R1a. Posts Latest Activity. Page of Filtered by:. Previous 1 2 3 4 5 6 11 template Next. Haplogroup R1a 11th OctoberPM. Question 1 My father, grandfather and ggrandfather were of strong "German" ancestry.

Does this marker R1a tend to confirm that connection? Question 2 Where is my money best spent to move to the next level or stage of DNA testing and what can I expect to learn from these test results?

I appreciate any and all comments, opinions and advice that members of this group would be willing to offer me. Tags: None. M17 I am also new to this, and I got the same results as you. R1a M From what I have read, M17 means R1a1. For some reason, R1a1 is rare in West Europe, so I got a bit confused. R1b is the most common haplogroup.

Haplogroup R1

My family is Norwegian Scandinavia from many generations back and the map showed that R1a1 is more common in some parts of Eastern Europe and in some casts in India.

Even one of the Jewish groups of people have this haplogroup Maybee a tribe that converted a long time ago?

r1a1 map

When this haplogroup is found in Ireland and Scotland, this usually indicates that a person has Viking ancestors. The interesting fact about the haplogroup is the way it that it shows up in different parts of the world, that one would think was unrelated.

There are A LOT of theories out there, but it is very interesting. The main theory is that this group of people were the first to use horses and the origin of the Indo-European languages most of the west European languages, except Finland and some others. In addition, that they invaded other groups of people around the world a long time ago.

The Vikings probably had ancestors from of one of these tribes. However, as I said, there are many theories and nobody really knows. Last edited by joinge ; 11th OctoberPM. Comment Post Cancel. I would love to hear from other members to better understand the reach of the genetic marker. Cheers Somanna.

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